Acne develops because more oil is produced than the skin can efficiently shed, causing the pore to become clogged. If the clogged pore opens directly to the skin's surface, you get a blackhead. If the clogged pore has a layer of skin over it, you'll get a whitehead. Acne occurs when the clog is deeply inside the pore.
What Is Acne ?
Plugged pores, pimples, and deeper lumps that occur on the face, neck, upper back, chest, or shoulders are known as acne. When oil-secreting glands in the skin are clogged and become inflamed or infected this problem occurs. It is very common with teenagers and is considered a normal part of growing up though may also appear later in life. 85% of have acne. Among adults, 12% of women and 3% of men have acne. Boys face this problem more because they have more skin oils.
How Does It Occur ?
Our skin functions on numerous glands, called sebaceous glands. These secrete an oil, called sebum, which lubricates the skin, keeps it soft and pliable. The protective outer layer is made up of dead cells, which are continuously shed and replaced by layers. During adolescence hormones stimulate growth of body hair. The oil glands secrete more oil. If our skin is not cleaned regularly the dead cells on skin cluster and stop the hair follicle's opening, which prevents sebum from reaching the surface of the skin. These clogged pores and produce chemicals and enzymes, which promotes bacterial growth and causes inflammation. After some time the plugged follicle cannot hold its contents and bursts. This spills everything onto the skin-sebum and sheds skin cells and bacteria. This causes irritation to the skin and leads to lesions or pimples, whiteheads, blackheads and pustules.
Things That Often Make Acne Worse
1. Oil-based make-up, suntan oil, hair gels and sprays.
3. Menstruation in girls.
4. Squeezing or picking at blemishes.
5. Scrubbing the skin hard.
Do's And Don'ts In Treating Acne:
1. Avoid scrubbing or using harsh soaps on your skin. It irritates the openings of the oil glands and causes them to be more tightly closed.
2. Avoid using oily or greasy substances on your face. They worsen acne by blocking the glands. Use water-based cosmetics and wash them off at bedtime.
3. Avoid hair tonics or hair creams because when you sweat, these substances come on your face and aggravate the acne.
4. It takes about 8 weeks for acne medicines to show their results. Don't be hasty and stop their use.
Treat acne with benzoyl peroxide, an antibacterial, combined with salicylic acid (also known as beta hydroxy), an exfoliant. Benzoyl peroxide comes in a soap or ointment, like Clearasil or Stridex. Salicylic acid derives from aspirin and comes in a cream form, like in Propa pH. Neutrogena soap contains both salicylic acid and a little benzoyl peroxide. These are for teenage acne and they dry out the skin. If you're not a teenager, try Oil of Olay Age-Defying Lotion or Clinique Turnaround Cream. You can also get topical antibiotics such as erythromyacin or tetracycline from your doctor.
You can disguise a pimple with eye-redness reliever drops. Apply a few drops to Q-tip and then hold on pimple for about ten to fifteen seconds.
At night, mix a packet of fast-acting yeast with enough tea tree oil to make a paste. Tea tree oil comes from Australia and is antiseptic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory. Spread over emerging pimple, and cover with a bandage. Leave on overnight. Yeast causes the pimple to rise out of skin, while tree oil attacks it. It should be gone in the morning.
Or, try this: soak a cotton ball in warm salt water. Press on top of blemish for three minutes to dissolve the top.
Remove blackheads gently so you don't scar your skin. Combine 1/4 cup boiling water with one teaspoon Epsom salt and three drops of iodine. Let mixture cool until it's comfortable to the touch. Saturate a cotton ball with mixture and dab on blackheads. This will allow them to loosen so they can be easily squeezed with a gauze pad.
When the blemish is gone, dab a bit of honey on the affected area to deep clean the pore and draw out bacteria. Let sit for ten minutes, and then rinse with warm water.